Catalytic converters are air pollution control devices that convert toxic gas from an internal combustion engine’s exhaust into less toxic gases. They do this by catalyzing the entire chemical reaction between oxygen and the pollutants. The catalyst is usually an active carbon which absorbs poisonous gases prior to the exhaust gases get to the filter and combustion chamber. Since the carbon absorbs toxic gases it reduces the harmful emissions produced. This is the reason behind many modern vehicle emission control systems and pollution sensors, too.
Manufacturers still use catalytic converters to provide an alternative to traditional exhaust systems. However, catalytic converters have recently received lots of attention in the media as an underlying cause of cancer. It is important to understand the way a catalytic converter functions to eliminate toxic emissions from an engine before deciding whether or not it should be part of your vehicle. There are two primary catalytic converter components, the catalytic converter assembly and the catalyst exhaust. The catalyst mass is the catalyst for the reaction between pollutants and engine exhaust gases. It is part of the catalytic converter assembly.
The catalytic converter will contain a metal plate, as well as stainless steel, or a manifold that is chrome-plated. The plate is typically made from a high density steel, however other types of metals such as titanium and cast iron are also utilized. The plate, which acts as a catalyst for the conversion reaction, is usually an oxide of ferric oxide. When you perform your annual emissions inspections, you must be sure you test the catalytic converter for replacement in the event that it is needed, since there will be a significant change in your results from your emissions inspection if this component is not replaced.
When conducting your emissions inspections, it is important to ensure that the catalytic converters are in good working in good working order. If your vehicle is exhibiting an excessive amount of carbon monoxide, your converter could react with the exhaust gas to create carbon dioxide. To determine whether this is the case, you should conduct an annual inspection and note the times that carbon monoxide and the catalytic converter were found. If there is a significant accumulation of carbon monoxide, it should be evident that the converter needs to be replaced.
Both the catalytic converter as well as the exhaust gases have to be properly vented to ensure that they are able to vent clean air to the outside. You should immediately suspect an issue with catalytic conversion if one of the components is leaky. Catalytic converter leaks can result in dangerous levels of harmful substances, including carbon monoxide, as well as other toxic substances, in your engine and exhaust system. Catalytic converter leaks can result in substantially more emissions and poor performance. It is important to have these parts replaced or repaired immediately.
When performing your annual maintenance on your vehicle, it is essential to also perform a diagnosis of the various issues with your vehicle. These components will allow you to identify which parts are at fault for the poor performance, slow or faulty starting or idle quality and excessive wear on engine components like brakes, and general poor performance. You should immediately take your vehicle to a Synchrony repair shop if you observe any symptoms like excessive noise, vibration, and a decrease in performance. This is especially important when the symptoms take place during driving at night, or if you feel that you must stop more frequently than normal. In this instance replacing the catalytic converter may not only be necessary but also the most economical option.
The muffler needs to be checked first if there are any leaks within your exhaust system. If you hear a loud roar, you need to bring your vehicle to a Synchrony certified technician for a check and replacement of your catalytic converter. The exhaust system consists of a catalytic convertor, the muffler, the tail pipe, and an exhaust manifold. Each component is essential for a safe and complete exhaust system. If one or more of these components fails, the exhaust system won’t perform as it should. Catalytic converters should always be replaced if you notice a significant decrease in gas mileage, decreased horsepower, or if the catalytic converter fails altogether.
In the majority of cases the catalytic converter needs to be upgraded. If it has experienced a significant loss of its crystalline structure due to corrosion, you might require a catalyst that dissolves the existing crystallized matrix. There are many synchrochemicals that you can purchase, including palladium and rhodium , as well as cobalt. They are made of palladium and platinum, and provide the same catalytic reaction as the original platinum catalyst, but without the price tag.
know more about how to recycle catalytic converters here.